Câu hỏi đuôi (Tag question) theo chuẩn ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

Câu hỏi đuôi (tiếng Anh là Tag Question) là một trong những dạng câu hỏi rất hay được sử dụng trong tiếng Anh, luyện thi TOEIC hay đặc biệt là trong bài thi IELTS, hay tiếng Anh giao tiếp. Câu hỏi đuôi là dạng một câu hỏi rất ngắn đứng sau một câu trần thuật, câu trả lời của câu hỏi này ở dạng YES/NO nhưng mang những sắc thái ý nghĩa khác nhau.

Ví dụ: They are doctor, aren’t they?

Có một lưu ý là trong trường hợp người hỏi hạ tông giọng ở phần cuối câu hỏi thì thật ra họ không muốn hỏi mà chỉ là chờ xem người kia có đồng ý với câu mình nói hay không. Khi người ta lên tông giọng ở cuối câu hỏi thì đó mới là lúc người đó muốn hỏi thật sự và muốn nhận câu trả lời từ bạn.

ví dụ về câu hỏi đuôi trong tiếng anh

Cấu trúc ngữ pháp của câu hỏi đuôi

Đối với động từ thường (ordinary verbs)

Câu giới thiệu phủ định, phần hỏi đuôi khẳng định.

  • S + don’t/ doesn’t/didn’t + V….., do/does/did + S?

Câu giới thiệu khẳng định, phần hỏi đuôi phủ định.

  • S + V(s/es/ed/2)….., don’t/doesn’t/didn’t + S?
Hiện tại đơn với TO BE – He is intelligent, is he? (Anh ấy thông minh, đúng không?)

– You are nervous, aren’t you? (Bạn đang hồi hộp, phải không?)

Hiện tại đơn động từ thường: mượn trợ động từ DO hoặc DOES tùy thuộc theo chủ ngữ. – They like she, doesn’t she? (Họ thích cô ấy, đúng không?)

– He loves you, doesn’t he? (Anh ấy yêu bạn, đúng không?)

Thì quá khứ đơn với động từ thường: mượn trợ động từ DID, quá khứ đơn với TO BE: WAS hoặc WERE: – She didn’t come here, did she? (Cô ấy đã không đến đây phải không?)

– She was friendly, wasn’t she? (Cô ấy rất thân thiện đúng không?

Thì hiện tại hoàn thành hoặc hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễn: mượn trợ động từ HAVE hoặc HAS – They have left, haven’t they?

– The cars has stopped, hasn’t they?

Thì quá khứ hoàn thành hoặc quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễn: mượn trợ động từ HAD – She hadn’t met you before, had she?
Thì tương lai đơn – It will rain, won’t it?

Bạn hãy để ý tới nghĩa của YES và NO trong câu trả lời cho những câu hỏi phủ định:

– You’re not going to the cinema today, are you? (Hôm nay bạn không đi xem phim phải không?)

– Yes = Yes, I am going to the cinema. (Có = Có, tôi có đi xem phim)

– No = No, I am not going to the cinema. (Không = Không, tôi không đi xem phim)

Đối với các động từ đặc biệt (special)

Là những động từ khi đổi sang câu phủ định thì ta thêm NOT phía sau động từ, khi đổi sang câu nghi vấn đưa chính động từ đó lên đằng trước chủ ngữ.

Câu giới thiệu khẳng định, phần hỏi đuôi phủ định

S + special verb….. , special verb + not + S?

Ví dụ:

– You are a dentist, aren’t you?

– He has just bought a new motorbike, hasn’t he?

Câu giới thiệu phủ định, phần hỏi đuôi khẳng định

S + special verb + not….., special verb + S?

Ví dụ:
– You aren’t a dentist, are you?

– He hasn’t bought a new motorbike, has he?

Đối với động từ khiếm khuyết

Câu giới thiệu khẳng định, phần hỏi đuôi phủ định.

S + modal verb…………., modal verb + not + S?

Ví dụ:
She can speak Spanish, can’t she?
Thomas will go to Chicago next month, won’t he?

Câu giới thiệu phủ định, phần hỏi đuôi khẳng định

S + modal verb + not…………., modal verb + S?

Ví dụ:
She can’t speak Spanish, can she?
Thomas won’t go to Chicago next month, will he?

Bài tập về câu hỏi đuôi

Exercise 1: Complete the following tag questions:

  1. Lana enjoys watching television after dinner, _____?
  2. Thomas didn’t go to theatre yesterday, _____?
  3. They’ll buy a new laptop, _____?
  4. He can drink lots of apple juice every day, _____?
  5. He may not come to her office today, _____?
  6. We should follow the traffic rules strictly, _____?
  7. Your father has read these myths for you many times, _____?
  8. She seldom visits you, _____?
  9. You’ve never been in Italy, _____?
  10. That’s Nicky, _____?
  11. No-one died in the accident, _____?
  12. I’m supposed to be here, _____?
  13. Nothing is wrong, _____?
  14. Nobody called the phone, _____?
  15. Everything is okay, _____?
  16. Everyone took a rest, _____?
  17. Going swimming in the summer is never boring, _____?
  18. Let’s dance together, _____?
  19. Don’t talk in class, _____?
  20. Sit down, _____?
  21. This picture is yours, _____?
  22. Hoa never comes to school late, _____?
  23. You took some photos on the beach, _____?
  24. He hardly ever makes a mistake, _____?
  25. We must communicate with you by means of e-mail or chatting, _____?
  26. Nobody liked the play, _____?
  27. She’d saved money if she bought fresh food, _____?
  28. The area was evacuated at once, _____?
  29. She’s very funny. She’s got a great sense of humor, _____?
  30. It never works very well, _____?
  31. Mr. Smith always remembered his wife’s birthdays, _____?
  32. Neither of them offered to help you, _____?
  33. He ought to have made a note of it, _____?
  34. There’ll be plenty for everyone, _____?
  35. Let’s go out for lunch, _____?
  36. That isn’t Bill driving, _____?
  37. Nothing went wrong, _____?
  38. There used to be trees here, _____?
  39. This won’t take long, _____?
  40. Don’t touch that button, _____?
  41. I’m not too late, _____?
  42. Not a very good TV serie, _____?
  43. Somebody wanted a drink, _____?
  44. They think she’s boring, _____?
  45. The fire wasn’t started deliberately, _____?

Exercise 2: Complete the following tag questions:

  1. You aren’t afraid of snakes, _____?
  2. Ann isn’t at home, _____?
  3. You don’t know French, _____?
  4. Tom didn’t see her, _____?
  5. This isn’t yours, _____?
  6. Mary wasn’t angry, _____?
  7. Bill hasn’t had breakfast, _____?
  8. You won’t tell anyone, _____?
  9. I didn’t wake you up, _____?
  10. Tom doesn’t like oysters, _____?
  11. You don’t want to sell the house, _____?
  12. It doesn’t hurt, _____?
  13. People shouldn’t drink and drive, _____?
  14. You aren’t going alone, _____?
  15. They couldn’t pay the rent, _____?
  16. You don’t agree with Shaw, _____?
  17. There wasn’t a lot to do, _____?
  18. I needn’t say anything, _____?
  19. That wasn’t Ann on the phone, _____?
  20. You didn’t do it on purpose, _____?
  21. This won’t take long, _____?
  22. She doesn’t believe you, _____?
  23. It didn’t matter very much, did it?
  24. He shouldn’t put so much sugar in it, _____?
  25. Jane couldn’t leave the children alone, _____?
  26. You aren’t doing anything today, _____?
  27. You wouldn’t mind helping me with this, _____?
  28. Michael hadn’t been there before, _____?
  29. The children weren’t surprised, _____?
  30. You wouldn’t like another drink, _____?

Đáp án

Exercise 1: Complete the following tag questions:

  1. Lana enjoys watching television after dinner, does she?
  2. Thomas didn’t go to theatre yesterday, did he?
  3. They’ll buy a new laptop, won’t they?
  4. He can drink lots of apple juice every day, can’t he?
  5. He may not come to her office today, may she?
  6. We should follow the traffic rules strictly, shouldn’t we?
  7. Your father has read these myths for you many times, hasn’t she?
  8. She seldom visits you, does she?
  9. You’ve never been in Italy, have you?
  10. That’s Nicky, isn’t it?
  11. No-one died in the accident, did they?
  12. I’m supposed to be here, aren’t I?
  13. Nothing is wrong, is it?
  14. Nobody called the phone, did they?
  15. Everything is okay, isn’t it?
  16. Everyone took a rest, didn’t they?
  17. Going swimming in the summer is never boring, is it?
  18. Let’s dance together, shall we?
  19. Don’t talk in class, will you?
  20. Sit down, won’t you?
  21. This picture is yours, isn’t it?
  22. Hoa never comes to school late, does she?
  23. You took some photos on the beach, didn’t you?
  24. He hardly ever makes a mistake, does he?
  25. We must communicate with you by means of e-mail or chatting, mustn’t we?
  26. Nobody liked the play, did they?
  27. She’d saved money if she bought fresh food, couldn’t she?
  28. The area was evacuated at once, wasn’t it?
  29. She’s very funny. She’s got a great sense of humor, hasn’t she?
  30. It never works very well, does it?
  31. Mr. Smith always remembered his wife’s birthdays, didn’t he?
  32. Neither of them offered to help you, did they?
  33. He ought to have made a note of it, shouldn’t he?
  34. There’ll be plenty for everyone, won’t there?
  35. Let’s go out for lunch, shall we?
  36. That isn’t Bill driving, is it?
  37. Nothing went wrong, did it?
  38. There used to be trees here, didn’t there?
  39. This won’t take long, will it?
  40. Don’t touch that button, will you?
  41. I’m not too late, aren’t I?
  42. Not a very good TV serie, is it?
  43. Somebody wanted a drink, didn’t they?
  44. They think she’s boring, don’t they?
  45. The fire wasn’t started deliberately, was it?

Exercise 2: Complete the following tag questions:

  1. You aren’t afraid of snakes, are you?
  2. Ann isn’t at home, is she?
  3. You don’t know French, do you?
  4. Tom didn’t see her, did he?
  5. This isn’t yours, is it?
  6. Mary wasn’t angry, was she?
  7. Bill hasn’t had breakfast, has he?
  8. You won’t tell anyone, will you?
  9. I didn’t wake you up, did I?
  10. Tom doesn’t like oysters, does he?
  11. You don’t want to sell the house, do you?
  12. It doesn’t hurt, does it?
  13. People shouldn’t drink and drive, should they?
  14. You aren’t going alone, are you?
  15. They couldn’t pay the rent, could they?
  16. You don’t agree with Shaw, do you?
  17. There wasn’t a lot to do, was there?
  18. I needn’t say anything, need I?
  19. That wasn’t Ann on the phone, was it?
  20. You didn’t do it on purpose, did you?
  21. This won’t take long, will it?
  22. She doesn’t believe you, does she?
  23. It didn’t matter very much, did it?
  24. He shouldn’t put so much sugar in it, should he?
  25. Jane couldn’t leave the children alone, could she?
  26. You aren’t doing anything today, are you?
  27. You wouldn’t mind helping me with this, would you?
  28. Michael hadn’t been there before, had he?
  29. The children weren’t surprised, were they?
  30. You wouldn’t like another drink, would you?

Trên đây là những cấu ngữ pháp và bài tập về câu hỏi đuôi, các bạn hãy dành thời gian để tìm hiểu và luyện bài tập thật kĩ càng để nắm chắc phần này. Nếu có bất kỳ thắc mắc nào cần được giải đáp, hãy gửi ý kiến của bạn qua khung bình luận bên dưới, Vui Học Tiếng Anh sẽ hỗ trợ nhanh nhất có thể. Chúc các bạn học tập tốt!

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